Rene d’ Anjou born Jan. 16, 1409, Angers, France, died July 10, 1480, Aix-en-Provence
Rene d’ Anjou was also known as “Good King Rene.” Among his many titles, he was nominally King of Jerusalem. He lived a colorful life and although he was one of the first to codify the rules of chivalry, the “Good King’s” sense of values was at times at odds with what we would consider honorable behavior. He was taken prisoner at Bulgneville in 1431, and handed over to Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, but was released on parole in 1432, after giving his sons John and Louis as hostage.
He became Grand Master at the age of ten, which according to the Dossiers Secrets was not unusual. He was later admitted to several other orders including the Order of the Crescent, which for some reason displeased the Pope. Rene used the Cross of Lorraine as his own personal device which symbolized his royal house. The Cross was later used by the Free French Forces in World War II under Charles de Gaulle. It was also used by Godfroi de Bouillon and the Knights Templar.
Rene had a great influence on the advent of the Renaissance and one of his daughters married Henry VI of England. He also apparently had some kind of liaison with Joan of Arc whose mission was to save France from the English. Rene is said to have been with her when she went to the Dauphin’s court at Chinon and was possibly by her side at the siege of Orleans. Her sudden success in achieving her aim of ensuring that the weak Dauphin would become King was, it seems, largely due to the influence of Iolande d’Anjou, the mother of Rene. Many feel that the situation was manipulated and that there was a secret organization operating behind the scenes -the Priory, obviously.
Rene was a poet, and illustrated his own literature. He had a deep interest in esoteric and mystical matters. Although many paintings have been attributed to him, some of them may not actually be his. They bear his arms, but may have been done by court painters. He had a great influence on the Medici family of Florence who were responsible for many significant works of the Renaissance. The classics were translated at this time and Greek was taught at the University of Florence for the first time in centuries. The first public library in Europe, the San Marco Library, was founded in 1444 in Florence. Rene introduced the theme of Arcadia, the Greek pastoral paradise which signified for the Priory the “Golden Age” that they believed would occur once the Merovingians were returned to their thrones. The concept of an “underground stream” became something of a fixation to Rene, symbolizing the “subterranean” movement among occultists to hasten the coming of the new Arcadia. These ideas spread quickly throughout Europe via the art and literature of the time.
Sandro Filipepi born 1445,Florence (Italy),died May 17, 1510,Florence
Born in 1444, he is better known as the painter Botticelli, who was a great influence on Pre-Raphaelite painters of the nineteenth century. He is the second on the Priory of Sion list not to have a blood connection with the families whose genealogies are detailed in the Dossiers Secrets, but he was wellconnected to some of these royal houses. Among his illustrious patrons were ·the Medicis. As testimony to his interest in the esoteric, the design of one of the first Tarot packs is ascribed to either him or his tutor, Mantegna. His paintings Primavera (Spring) and The Birth ofVenus are based on the dreamlike concepts ofArcadia and the underground stream.
Robert Boyle born January 25, 1627, Lismore Castle, County Waterford,Ireland, died December 31, 1691, London, England
Robert Boyle was the youngest son of the Earl of Cork. He is best known for ms experiments with the air pump, which led to a law of physics being named after him. In his youth, he went to Florence where the Medicis were still influential in artistic and esoteric circles. He also studied demonology in Geneva, where he spent twenty-one months of his life. He was one of the first to support the Stuarts when Charles II returned to the English throne. While living in London, one of his visitors was Cosimo III de Medici, who became the ruler of Florence. One of his closest friends was Isaac Newton, to whom he taught the principles of alchemy, which was a life-long interest of his. He wrote two treatises on this subject between 1675 and 1677: Incalescence of Quicksilver with Gold and An Historical Account of a Degradation of Gold.
Sir Isaac Newton born December 25, 1642 [January 4, 1643, New Style], Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, died March 20 [March 31], 1727, London
It is interesting that Dan Brown concentrates so much upon Sir Isaac Newton in The DaVinci Code. Best remembered in the twenty-first century as a mathematician and as the greatest influence on theoretical physics until Einstein, Newton was a Priory of Sion dark horse of the highest order. He was educated at Cambridge and elected to the Royal Society in 1672, becoming president in 1703. He formed a close relationship with Nicolas Fatio de Duillier, who was a Genevan aristocrat leading a peripatetic life throughout Europe, and was possibly a spy against Louis XIV of France. Newton became Master of the Royal Mint in 1699, and in 1701 became the Member of Parliament for Cambridge University. He was also a close friend of Jean Desaguliers, who was responsible for the rapid spread of Freemasonry throughout Europe. Although he was perhaps not a Freemason himself, Newton was a member of an association known as “The Gentleman’s Club of Spalding” of which Alexander Pope was also a member. Newton started what he considered to be his greatest work, The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended in 1689. He believed that much of the divine wisdom contained within Judaism had filtered down to Pythagoras. In addition to practicing alchemy through his association with Robert Boyle, he also studied sacred geometry and numerology.
Charles Nodier born April 29, 1780, Besoncon, Fronce, died Jon. 27, 1844, Paris
Nodier had neither noble blood nor contact with any of the families who figure in the Priory of Sion documents. He fell out of favor with the authorities in his youth after writing a satirical poem about Napoleon.3 ‘ Upon moving to Paris in 1824, he became one of the leading lights in Parisian literary society, entertaining such fellow writers as Victor Hugo and Alfred de Musset, who were to become important in the Romantic movement. He was a prolific writer, known best these days for his short stories. His admission to the Academie Francaise in 1833 consolidated Romanticism as a respected style of literature.
3 There is evidence that Abbe Seiyes encouraged Napoleon to marry· Josephine Beauhamais because she was of Merovingian descendant.
Victor Hugo born Feb. 26, 1802, Besoncon, Fronce, died Moy 22, 1885, Paris
Victor Hugo was a poet, novelist, dramatist and the most important of the French Romantic writers. He is best known outside France for his novels Notre-Dome de Paris and Les Miserables. His father was in Napoleon’s army, but had great sympathy with those who conspired against him. Victor Hugo knew Nodier from an early age and Nodier’s knowledge of Gothic architecture inspired the setting for The Hunchback of Notre-Dome. Charles Nodier and Victor Hugo founded a literary salon at the Arsenal Library where Nodier worked, known as “the Cenacle.” It is possible that the Cenacle was a cover for the Priory of Sion. It included Romantics, artists, surrealists and Symbolists and they adopted “Et in Arcadia Ego” as their properly elegiac and romantic motto. Hugo married in 1822 at l’Eglise de Saint-Sulpice. He traveled for some years with Nodier and was pall-bearer at Nodier’s funeral in 1845. Although deeply religious, Hugo had highly unorthodox views on the Catechism and was deeply attracted to Gnostic, Cabalistic and Hermetic philosophies. He respected Napoleon, but Hugo was a strong monarchist and in favor of the Bourbon line being reinstated. He saw this only as a temporary measure however. He supported in particular the constitutional King, Louis-Philippe, who had risen to power in the July revolution of 1831. Louis-Philippe was married to the niece of Maximilian de Lorraine, a previous Priory of Sion Grand Master and member of the Habsburg-Lorraine line. Much of Victor Hugo’s verse was overtly political, but he also wanted to be the “sonorous echo” of the time and wrote of the social problems of his day.
Claude Debussy born Aug. 22 , 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France, died Morch 25, 1918, Paris
Although he was from a poor background, Debussy rose to prominence quickly. During his youth he came under the patronage of a Russian millionairess, Nadezhda Filaretovna von Meck, who employed him to play duets with her and her children. He traveled extensively with her and met many influential people at that time. He was of a very secretive nature and it has therefore been difficult to establish how strong his connections were with the Priory of Sion families. The main musical influence in his life was Richard Wagner. He said of Wagner that he was “a wonderful sunset that had been mistaken for a dawn.” His work was the musical equivalent of Impressionist and Symbolist painting and writing. His best-known works include Clair de Lune and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun. He set a number of Victor Hugo’s works to music. Amongst those he got to know were Emile Hoffet, and through him, Berenger Sauniere, as well as the eminent singer Emma Calve, who possibly had a romantic relationship with Sauniere. Debussy was heavily involved in the occult scene of Paris. At the soirees of the symbolist poet, Stephane Mallarme, he also met Oscar Wilde, WB. Yeats, Paul Valery, Andre Gide and Marcel Proust.
Jean Cocteau born July 5, 1889, Maisons-Laffitte, near Paris, France, died Oct. 11, 1963, Milly-la-Foret, near Paris
Jean Cocteau was a French poet, librettist, novelist, actor, film director, and painter. He was known by the nickname ofThe Frivolous Poet for years after a poem he had written by the same name at the age of fifteen. He was later given the nickname “King of Poets” by his friend Apollinaire. It was Apollinaire who first used the expression “surreal” referring to Cocteau’s work on the Ballet Russe. Cocteau had a justified reputation as a libertine, however the fact that he came from an affluent and influential family would have helped him to be selected as Grand Master. He was also good friends with Jean Hugo, the great-grandson of Victor Hugo and Claude Debussy, his predecessor as Grand Master of the Priory. His films Orpheus and Testament of Orpheus have strong Priory of Sion undertones and his murals in the churches of Notre Dame de France in London and the Chapel of St. Peter in Villefranche-sur-Mer also appear to contain Priory secrets. In fact, some of his works may have been made at the request of the Priory of Sion. He was a favorite with the French president General de Gaulle and de Gaulle’s brother asked Cocteau to make a national address on the general state of France. Charles de Gaulle is suspected to have been a member of the Priory of Sion at some point.
Jean Cocteau was the Grand Master until his death in 1963. When Pierre Plantard de Saint-Claire spoke to Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln in 1979, he was Secretary-General. He apparently took up the office on January 17, 1981, and apparently stepped down in 1984. It is not known who was in office between Cocteau’s death and Plantard’s Grand Mastership, although Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln were told in 1979 that it had been an influential ecclesiastic named Abbe Francois Ducaud-Bourget, although he denied it.
The Present Situation
When the Priory of Sion was evicted from Orleans in 1619 it faded from history. The next time there is a record of the Priory of Sian’s existence is in 1956 when it was listed in the French Journal Official, a weekly government publication in which all societies and organizations declare themselves. 4 However, the Priory of Sion claims to have been involved in various historical events in which it appeared to have an interest throughout the intervening period. It is certain that at least one organization, the Compagnie de SaintSacrement of seventeenth century France (discussed later on) operated in the background.
4 The Priory of Sion statutes published in I 9 5 6 state that the Priory of Sion had a total of 9,841 members divided into nine grades. It consisted of 729 provinces, 27 commanderies, and the top level of hierarchy was an Arch referred to as “Kyria.” The Grand Master is known as the “Nautonnier.”
Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln conducted a series of interviews with Pierre Plantard de Saint-Clair when researching their books. Many of these took place at a brasserie called La Tipia on the rue de Rome in Paris. Plantard’s answers were enigmatic and sometimes misleading, as is typical of much Priory of Sion information. For instance, he told them that he had been imprisoned by the Gestapo from October 1943 until February 1944 for his involvement in the French Resistance, but no record has been found of this.
They were able to establish that he had run a magazine named Vaincre during the Second World War. It dealt not in French Resistance matters, but mythology and various esoteric subjects and appeared to serve as the publication of an organization known as “Alpha Galates.” The prime interest of Alpha Galates was chivalry and in structure it seemed to be identical to the Priory of Sion. Indeed, it probably was the Priory of Sion. Vaincre ostensibly supported the Vichy government of the time and included a hymn to Marshal Henri Phillippe Petain in its first edition. It has to be borne in mind, however, that all publications were subject to the scrutiny of the Nazi censorship machine and Plantard later claimed that the magazine was a secret Resistance journal containing messages and codes that only Resistance members could understand. As M. Plantard was a later associate of General Charles de Gaulle, who did not tolerate Nazi collaborators, it is unlikely that his apparent support of the Vichy government was genuine.
One of the main objectives of Alpha Galates/ the Priory of Sion was the formation of a United States of Europe which would be a bulwark between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, as well as a separate entity of great power. Perhaps they have succeeded: Europe now has its own currency and to a large degree, its own federal government. The emblem for a United Europe that was suggested by the Priory of Sion as early as the 1940s was a circle of stars, which is what is now on the European Union flag.